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Volume: 38
Number: 4
Index: December 2010
Clinical Focus:Respiratory Care
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December 2010
Clinical Focus: Respiratory Medicine
  • Asthma and the athlete
    • Vocal cord dysfunction
    • Exercise-induced asthma
    • Exercise-induced bronchospasm
  • COPD
    • Obesity and COPD
    • Relationship between COPD and nutrition intake
  • Treatment options for steroid-induced osteoporosis in men
  • Treatments for asthma
    • Bronchodilators, anticholinergics
    • Corticosteroids
    • Metered-dose vs other types of inhalers
  • Respiratory infections in winter sports athletes
  • Asthma in elite athletes
  • Pulmonary rehabilitation and physical activity
  • Fitness and long-term oxygen therapy/lung transplantation
  • Airflow function and the metabolic syndrome
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doi: 10.3810/psm.2021.12.1745
The Physician and Sportsmedicine: Volume 37: No.4
Review of Exercise and the Risk of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
Jason Sea, MD; Kenneth S. Poon, MD; And Kevin T. McVary, MD
Abstract: It has been long appreciated that a healthy lifestyle plays a critical role in cardiovascular health. It is now apparent that the same is true in the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Since 1995, 14 studies have been identified that investigate the clinical relationship between exercise and BPH/LUTS. No randomized controlled trials have been performed, but useful prospective cohort data originating from recent publications on the medical treatment of BPH and prevention of prostate cancer are available. Most of the literature supports a clinically significant, independent, and strong inverse relationship between exercise and the development of BPH/LUTS. Several mechanisms for this relationship have been proposed, including decreased sympathetic tone, avoidance of metabolic syndrome, and reduced oxidative damage to the prostate.

Keywords: benign prostatic hyperplasia; lower urinary tract symptoms; exercise; physical activity; lifestyle


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